Dog skin problems can be caused by many different things. Your local veterinarian should be consulted to determine what the root problem is and find the best solution for your pet. Some of the reasons for skin issues can relate to the diet your dog is eating, the season, the area of the body where the problem is, the age of the pet and the breed. Once the cause is found it will be easier and faster to resolve the issue.
Some dogs have allergies to certain ingredients in their dog food, others can have seasonal allergies. If the dog is not too old the problem could be genetic. Take a look at the size and the shape of the irritation as well as how far it has spread and let the vet know what was discovered. If it is not widespread it could be a fungal or a bacterial problem in just that one spot.
Just one flea could cause a dog to be miserable, this could be the reason for all the scratching if the dog is allergic to fleas and they will get a rash from the bite. If you feel a lump, there could be a tumor that needs to be removed. An abnormal growth will cause changes in the color of the skin and the hair. For the dog with a dull coat, this could be an indicator of a hormonal issue.
Antibiotics are used when there is a bacterial infection. They are often caused by another condition such as an allergy or a hormonal problem. Testing will determine the type of infection that is present for an accurate treatment plan.
When antibiotics are prescribed they will need to be taken for several weeks depending on the severity of the problem. Allergies can cause the skin to itch and allergy shots can be given to provide relief. Antihistamines may also be needed and can cause the dog to become drowsy.
Seborrhea is a condition that refers to the accumulation of keratin that blocks the sebaceous glands and causes the hair to become greasy and the skin to become dry. Certain breeds are prone to this disorder, but it could be due to allergies, parasites or hormonal problems. Treatment involves elimination of the underlying cause, natural remedies can boost the immune system and strengthen the coat and skin. The use of cleansing lotions can help.
Fatty acids are a common supplement for helping with these types of disorders and itchy skin. Linoleic acids are great and can be found in primrose oil, safflower oil an sunflower oil. Fish oil is a good supplement to clear up itchiness. Glucocorticoids are also used, the treatment lasts for 1 to 2 months and is usually only required in the season the dog has problems with specific allergens. Homeopathic remedies can ease the discomfort as well.
To eliminate food allergies it is best to put the pet on a hypoallergenic regime for a couple of months. This will tell if the dog has allergies to certain proteins. There are brands of dog food made specifically for this purpose.